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Mechanistic and kinetic study on the reaction of ozone and trans-2-chlorovinyldichloroarsine.
Chemosphere ; 150: 329-340, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26921586
Singlet and triplet potential energy surfaces for the atmospheric ozonation of trans-2-chlorovnyldichloroarsine (lewisite) are investigated theoretically. Optimizations of the reactants, products, intermediates and transition states are carried out at the BHandHLYP/6-311+G(d,p) level. Single point energy calculations are performed at the CCSD(T)/6-311+G(d,p) level based on the optimized structures. The detailed mechanism is presented and discussed. Various possible H (or Cl)-abstraction and C (or As)-addition/elimination pathways are considered. The results show that the As-addition/elimination is more energetically favorable than the other mechanisms. Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus (RRKM) theory is used to compute the rate constants over the possible atmospheric temperature range of 200-3000 K and the pressure range of 10(-8)-10(9) Torr. The calculated rate constant is in good agreement with the available experimental data. The total rate coefficient shows positive temperature dependence and pressure independence. The modified three-parameter Arrhenius expressions for the total rate coefficient and individual rate coefficients are represented. Calculation results show that major product is CHClCHAs(OOO)Cl2 (s-IM3) at the temperature below 600 K and O2 + CHClCHAsOCl2 (s-P9) play an important role at the temperature between 600 and 3000 K. Time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations indicate that CHCl(OOO)CHAsCl2 (s-IM3) and CHOAsCl2 (s-P5) can take photolysis easily in the sunlight. Due to the absence of spectral information for arsenide, computational vibrational spectra of the important intermediates and products are also analyzed to provide valuable evidence for subsequent experimental identification.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Ozônio / Arsenicais / Substâncias para a Guerra Química / Poluentes Atmosféricos / Modelos Teóricos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Chemosphere Ano de publicação: 2016 Tipo de documento: Artigo