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Herbal medicines: challenges in the modern world. Part 2. European Union and Russia.
Sammons, Helen M; Gubarev, Michael I; Krepkova, Lubov V; Bortnikova, Valentina V; Corrick, Fenella; Job, Kathleen M; Sherwin, Catherine Mt; Enioutina, Elena Y.
Afiliação
  • Sammons HM; a Division of Medical Sciences & Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine , University of Nottingham, Royal Derby Hospital Centre , Derby , UK.
  • Gubarev MI; b Pentskiff Inc ., Salt Lake City , UT , USA.
  • Krepkova LV; c Division of Toxicology, Center of Medicine , All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (VILAR) , Moscow , Russia.
  • Bortnikova VV; c Division of Toxicology, Center of Medicine , All-Russian Research Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (VILAR) , Moscow , Russia.
  • Corrick F; a Division of Medical Sciences & Graduate Entry Medicine, School of Medicine , University of Nottingham, Royal Derby Hospital Centre , Derby , UK.
  • Job KM; d Division of Clinical Pharmacology, The Department of Pediatrics , University of Utah School of Medicine , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.
  • Sherwin CM; d Division of Clinical Pharmacology, The Department of Pediatrics , University of Utah School of Medicine , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.
  • Enioutina EY; e Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology , University of Utah , Salt Lake City , UT , USA.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; 9(8): 1117-27, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27171366
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Herbal medicines (HMs) have been well known to people of the European Union (EU) and Russia for centuries. Currently, Western HMs can be classified into two categories, plant-derived conventional medicines and dietary supplements. Interest to HMs has grown rapidly in all countries during the past two decades. AREAS COVERED The main goal of this review article is to present the history of HMs in the EU and Russia, forms of modern HMs, including Oriental Medicines that are popular among consumers of both countries. Additional discussion points comprise safety and adulteration issues associated with HMs, including regulatory changes and new legislative measures undertaken by the authorities. Materials available from legislative and governmental websites, PubMed and news media were used. Expert commentary Due to cultural diversities in the EU and Russia, traditional HMs of other regions, particularly Chinese Traditional and Ayurvedic medicines, are also popular. Recently, dietary supplements containing multiple herbal and other natural products have flooded the EU and Russian markets. Pharmacovigilance in these markets is challenging in terms of establishing quality and safety of ingredients, determining efficacy, and defining risks of herb-herb and herb-drug interactions. Both the EU and Russia have introduced new legislation aimed to overcome these deficiencies.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Plantas Medicinais / Preparações de Plantas / Fitoterapia Limite: Animais / Humanos País/Região como assunto: Ásia / Europa Idioma: Inglês Revista: Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol Ano de publicação: 2016 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Reino Unido