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A nomogram for predicting the need for sciatic nerve block after total knee arthroplasty.
J Anesth ; 30(5): 864-72, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27518727


Sciatic nerve block (SNB) is commonly performed in combination with femoral nerve block (FNB) for postoperative analgesia following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Despite the fact that 10-20 % of TKA patients require SNB for postoperative posterior knee pain, there are no existing studies that suggest a model to predict the need for SNB. The aim of our study was to develop a prediction tool to measure the likelihood of patients undergoing TKA surgery requiring a postoperative SNB.


With institutional review board approval, we obtained data from the electronic medical record of patients who underwent TKA at the Cleveland Clinic. A multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate the probability of requiring a postoperative SNB. Clinicians selected potential predictors to create a model, and the potential nonlinear association between continuous predictors and SNB was assessed using the restricted cubic spline model.


In total 6279 TKA cases involving 2329 patients with complete datasets were used for building the prediction model, including 276 (12 %) patients who received a postoperative SNB and 2053 (88 %) patients who did not. The estimated C statistic of the prediction model was 0.64. The nomogram is used by first locating the patient position on each predictor variable scale, which has corresponding prognostic points. The cut-off of 11.6 % jointly maximizes the sensitivity and specificity.


This is the first study to be published on SNB prediction after TKA. Our nomogram may prove to be a useful tool for guiding physicians in terms of their decisions regarding SNB.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Nervo Isquiático / Artroplastia do Joelho / Bloqueio Nervoso Aspecto clínico: Diagnóstico / Predição / Prognóstico Limite: Idoso / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Anesth Assunto da revista: Anestesiologia Ano de publicação: 2016 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos