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Social inequalities in health behaviors among Brazilian adults: National Health Survey, 2013.
Int J Equity Health ; 15(1): 148, 2016 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27852275
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Considering the high socioeconomic inequalities prevailing in Brazil and lifestyle as a strong determinant of morbidity and premature mortality, our purpose was to evaluate the degree of socioeconomic disparities in the prevalence of health behaviors among Brazilian adult population using data from the 2013 Brazilian National Health Survey.

METHOD:

Based on a sample of 49,025 individuals aged 20 to 59 years, we estimated the prevalence of several health behaviors and a score of unhealthy behaviors according to gender, education, race/color and possession of private health insurance. The prevalence ratios adjusted by age and gender were estimated by means of multiple Poisson regression and the analyses took into account the sampling design.

RESULTS:

Significant social inequalities were identified in the Brazilian adults. Higher prevalence of current smoking, leisure-time physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, whole milk consumption and low ingestion of greens, vegetables, and fruits were observed among the less educated, in the non-white population, and among those without private health insurance. Higher prevalence of heavy episodic drinking was found in the non-white population, but no difference in the consumption of fatty meat was found according to skin color. Score of unhealthy behavior higher than 6 was more frequent in lower educational strata (PR = 3.74) in the non-white population (PR = 1.39) and among those without private health insurance (PR = 1.78). Compared to women, men had higher prevalence rates of smoking, hazardous alcohol consumption, and fatty meat consumption and lower consumption of greens, vegetables and fruits.

CONCLUSION:

The results of the study emphasize the importance of monitoring social inequalities in health as part of national health policies and the urgent need to prioritize actions to promote healthy behaviors, especially among the most socially vulnerable segments of society.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Pobreza / Assunção de Riscos / Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde / Escolaridade / Seguro Saúde / Estilo de Vida Tipo de estudo: Avaliação econômica em saúde Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade / Jovem adulto País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês Revista: Int J Equity Health Ano de publicação: 2016 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil