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Asthma education taught by physical education teachers at grade schools: A randomised cluster trial.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 45(4): 375-386, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318759
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

Assess whether the Asthma, Sport and Health (ASAH) programme taught by teachers improves asthmatics' quality of life, asthma knowledge, and reduces school absenteeism.

DESIGN:

Randomised cluster trial parallel group.PARTICIPANTS: 2293 students (203 asthmatic) in the Intervention School group (IS) and 2214 in the Comparison School (CS) (224 asthmatic) belonging to primary school.INTERVENTION: Implementation of the educational programme "Asthma, Sport and Health" at grade schools, taught by physical education teachers.

MAIN OUTCOME:

Quality of life according to the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ).

SECONDARY OUTCOMES:

Asthma knowledge, asthma control, school absenteeism.

RESULTS:

After implementing the programme in the IS group, global quality of life improved significantly (p<0.001) as did their domains, symptoms (p<0.001), emotional function (p<0.001) and activity limitations (p<0.01), while in the CS group improvement was seen in global life quality (p<0.01) without any significant changes in the domains for emotional function and activity limitations. Asthma knowledge only increased in IS, among asthmatic students from 16.51 (CI 95% 16.04-16.98) to 18.16 (CI 95% 17.69-18.62) (p<0.001) and students without asthma from 15.49 (CI95% 15.36-15.63) to 17.50 (CI95% 17.36-17.64) (p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis showed that quality of life and its domains depend on asthma knowledge and above all, having well-controlled asthma. We found no decrease in school absenteeism.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ASAH programme improved certain quality of life aspects regarding asthma (emotional function and limitation of activities) and asthma knowledge, but it failed to reduce school absenteeism NCT01607749.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Asma / Educação em Saúde / Professores Escolares Tipo de estudo: Avaliação econômica em saúde Limite: Criança / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: Europa Idioma: Inglês Revista: Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo