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Asthma education taught by physical education teachers at grade schools: A randomised cluster trial.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 45(4): 375-386, 2017 Jul - Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28318759


Assess whether the Asthma, Sport and Health (ASAH) programme taught by teachers improves asthmatics' quality of life, asthma knowledge, and reduces school absenteeism.


Randomised cluster trial parallel group.PARTICIPANTS: 2293 students (203 asthmatic) in the Intervention School group (IS) and 2214 in the Comparison School (CS) (224 asthmatic) belonging to primary school.INTERVENTION: Implementation of the educational programme "Asthma, Sport and Health" at grade schools, taught by physical education teachers.


Quality of life according to the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ).


Asthma knowledge, asthma control, school absenteeism.


After implementing the programme in the IS group, global quality of life improved significantly (p<0.001) as did their domains, symptoms (p<0.001), emotional function (p<0.001) and activity limitations (p<0.01), while in the CS group improvement was seen in global life quality (p<0.01) without any significant changes in the domains for emotional function and activity limitations. Asthma knowledge only increased in IS, among asthmatic students from 16.51 (CI 95% 16.04-16.98) to 18.16 (CI 95% 17.69-18.62) (p<0.001) and students without asthma from 15.49 (CI95% 15.36-15.63) to 17.50 (CI95% 17.36-17.64) (p<0.001). The multiple regression analysis showed that quality of life and its domains depend on asthma knowledge and above all, having well-controlled asthma. We found no decrease in school absenteeism.


The ASAH programme improved certain quality of life aspects regarding asthma (emotional function and limitation of activities) and asthma knowledge, but it failed to reduce school absenteeism NCT01607749.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Asma / Educação em Saúde / Professores Escolares Tipo de estudo: Evaluation_studies Limite: Criança / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: Europa Idioma: Inglês Revista: Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo