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Assessment of environmental policy implementation in solid waste management in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Waste Manag Res ; 35(6): 618-626, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28393635
ABSTRACT
In Nepal, full-fledged environmental legislation was rare before the democratic constitution of 1990. The first law covering the environment and sustainability was the Environment Protection Act 1997. While the Solid Waste Act was introduced in 1987, the problem of solid waste management still surfaces in Kathmandu. In order to understand the bedrock of this unrelenting failure in solid waste management, the manuscript digs deeper into policy implementation by dissecting solid waste rules, environmental legislations, relevant local laws, and solid waste management practices in Kathmandu, Nepal. A very rich field study that included surveys, interviews, site visits, and literature review provided the basis for the article. The study shows that volumes of new Nepalese rules are crafted without effective enforcement of their predecessors and there is a frequent power struggle between local government bodies and central authority in implementing the codes and allocating resources in solid waste management. The study concludes that Kathmandu does not require any new instrument to address solid waste problems; instead, it needs creation of local resources, execution of local codes, and commitment from central government to allow free exercise of these policies.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Resíduos Sólidos / Gerenciamento de Resíduos / Política Ambiental País/Região como assunto: Ásia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Waste Manag Res Assunto da revista: Saúde Ambiental / Toxicologia Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos