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Metabolomic approach to understand the acute and chronic hepatotoxicity of Veratrum nigrum extract in mice based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; 27(9): 687-696, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28701067
ABSTRACT
Veratrum nigrum L. (VN) is a poisonous traditional Chinese medicine herb present since thousands of years in China. Clinical studies have shown that VN has the ability to cause hepatotoxicity, which severely limits its clinical use. The mechanism of its hepatotoxicity has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to develop and characterize a model of acute and chronic hepatotoxicity induced by Veratrum nigrum L. extract (VNE) to understand the mechanism of liver tissue metabolomics approach using on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOFMS). Mice were administered with VNE in the acute and chronic phases. Histopathologic inspections and biochemistry analysis disclosed severe liver damage after exposure to VNE. A partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) of the metabolomic profiles of rat liver tissues highlighted a number of metabolic disturbances induced by VNE, focusing on purine and pyrimidine metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, phospholipid metabolism, sphingolipid metabolism and fatty acid metabolism. These findings could well explain VNE-induced acute and chronic hepatotoxicity and reveal several potential biomarkers associated with this toxicity. This indicates that UHPLC-Q-TOFMS-based metabolomics approach demonstrated its feasibility and allowed a better understanding of VNE-induced liver toxicity dynamically.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Espectrometria de Massas / Veratrum / Extratos Vegetais / Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão / Metabolômica / Fígado Limite: Animais Idioma: Inglês Revista: Toxicol Mech Methods Assunto da revista: Toxicologia Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo