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Uric Acid as an Electrochemically Active Compound for Sodium-Ion Batteries: Stepwise Na+-Storage Mechanisms of π-Conjugation and Stabilized Carbon Anion.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(39): 33934-33940, 2017 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28898044
ABSTRACT
Developing efficient sodium-ion-storage mechanisms to increase the energy capacity in organic electrodes is a critical issue even after this period of prolonged effort. Uric acid (UA), a simple organic compound with three carbonyl groups is demonstrated to be electrochemically active in the insertion/extraction of Na ions. Theoretical calculations and experimental characterizations reveal that the sodium-ion storage by UA is a result of the stepwise mechanisms of p-π conjugation and the carbon anion. Aside from C═O, the functional group C═C(NH-)2 also provides an efficient Na-storage activated site in which the lone-pair electrons is stabilized through the planar-to-tetrahedral structural transition and low-energy orbital hybridization of N atoms. For further improvement of the electrochemical performance, a uric acid and carbon nanotube (UA@CNT) composite is prepared via a vacuum solution impregnation method. When employed as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries, the UA@CNT composite exhibits high specific capacity, excellent rate capability, and long cycling life even at high current densities. A reversible capacity of over 163 mA h g-1 is maintained even after 150 cycles at a current density of 200 mA g-1. The present study paves a way to develop reversible high-capacity organic electrode materials for sodium-ion batteries by a carbon-anion stabilization mechanism.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: ACS Appl Mater Interfaces Assunto da revista: Biotecnologia / Engenharia Biomédica Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo