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A long non-coding RNA HOTTIP expression is associated with disease progression and predicts outcome in small cell lung cancer patients.
Mol Cancer; 16(1): 162, 2017 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041935
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Despite progress in treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC), the biology of the tumor still remains poorly understood. Recently, we globally investigated the contributions of lncRNA in SCLC with a special focus on sponge regulatory network. Here we report lncRNA HOTTIP, which is specifically amplified in SCLC, is associated with SCLC proliferation and poor prognosis of patients.

METHODS:

RT-qPCR was used to investigate the expression of HOTTIP in SCLC tissues and cell lines. The role of HOTTIP in SCLC cell proliferation was demonstrated by CCK8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry analysis and in vivo SCLC xenograft model in nude mice through HOTTIP loss- and gain-of-function effects. Western blot assay was used to evaluate gene expression in cell lines at protein level. RNA pull-down, Mass spectrometry and RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to confirm the molecular mechanism of HOTTIP involved in SCLC progression.

RESULTS:

We found that HOTTIP was overexpressed in SCLC tissues, and its expression was correlated with the clinical stage and the shorter survival time of SCLC patients. Moreover, HOTTIP knockdown could impair cell proliferation, affect the cell cycle and inhibit tumor growth of mice, while HOTTIP overexpression might enhance cell proliferation and cell cycle in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigations showed that HOTTIP functions as an oncogene in SCLC progression by sponging miR-574-5p and affecting the expression of polycomb group protein EZH1.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall, we identified that HOTTIP was involved in SCLC tumorigenesis through the ceRNA network "HOTTIP/miR-574-5p/EZH1". Our findings not only illuminate how HOTTIP confers an oncogenic function in SCLC pathogenesis, but also underscore a novel gene expression governing hallmarks in the disease.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão / RNA Longo não Codificante Aspecto clínico: Predição / Prognóstico Limite: Animais / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Mol Cancer Assunto da revista: Neoplasias Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China