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Kinetic Limitation to Inorganic Ion Diffusivity and to Coalescence of Inorganic Inclusions in Viscous Liquid-Liquid Phase-Separated Particles.
J Phys Chem A ; 121(48): 9284-9296, 2017 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111734
ABSTRACT
Mixed organic/inorganic aerosols may undergo liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) when the relative humidity drops in the atmosphere. Phase-separated particles adopt different morphologies, which will have different consequences for atmospheric chemistry and climate. Recent laboratory studies on submicron particles led to speculation whether LLPS observed for larger drops might actually be suppressed in smaller droplets. Here, we report on micron-sized droplets of a ternary mixture of ammonium sulfate (AS), carminic acid, and water at different temperatures, which were exposed to typical atmospheric drying rates ranging from 0.34 to 5.0% RH min-1. Our results reveal that increasing the drying rate and lowering the temperature results in different morphologies after LLPS and may suppress the growth and coalescence of the inorganic-rich phase inclusions due to kinetic limitations in a viscous matrix. The coalescence time was used to estimate the viscosity of the organic-rich phase within a factor of 20, and based on the Stokes-Einstein relationship, we estimated AS diffusivity. Furthermore, we evaluated the initial growth of inclusions to quantitatively determine the AS diffusivity in the organic-rich phase, which is about 10-8 cm2 s-1 at room temperature. Extrapolation of diffusivity to lower temperatures using estimations for the diffusion activation energy leads us to conclude that the growth of the inorganic phase is not kinetically impeded for tropospheric submicron particles larger than 100 nm.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Phys Chem A Assunto da revista: Química Ano de publicação: 2017 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suíça