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Effect of Acute Coronary Syndrome Probability on Diagnostic and Prognostic Performance of High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin.
Clin Chem ; 64(3): 515-525, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343534
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

There is concern that high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) may have low diagnostic accuracy in patients with low acute coronary syndrome (ACS) probability.

METHODS:

We prospectively stratified patients presenting with acute chest discomfort to the emergency department (ED) into 3 groups according to their probability for ACS as assessed by the treating ED physician using a visual analog scale: ≤10%, 11% to 79%, and ≥80%, reviewing all information available at 90 min. hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI concentrations were determined in a blinded fashion. Two independent cardiologists adjudicated the final diagnosis.

RESULTS:

Among 3828 patients eligible for analysis, 1189 patients had low (≤10%) probability for ACS. The incidence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) increased from 1.3% to 12.2% and 54.8% in patients with low, intermediate, and high ACS probability, respectively. The positive predictive value of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI was low in patients with low ACS probability and increased with the incidence of NSTEMI, whereas the diagnostic accuracy of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI for NSTEMI as quantified by the area under the curve (AUC) was very high and comparable among all 3 strata, e.g., AUC hs-cTnI, 0.96 (95% CI, 0.94-0.97); 0.87 (95% CI, 0.85-0.89); and 0.89 (95% CI, 0.87-0.92), respectively. Findings were validated using bootstrap analysis as an alternative methodology to define ACS probability. Similarly, higher hs-cTnT/I concentrations independently predicted all-cause mortality within 2 years (e.g., hs-cTnT hazard ratio, 1.39; 95% CI, 1.27-1.52), irrespective of ACS probability.

CONCLUSIONS:

Diagnostic and prognostic accuracy and utility of hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI remain high in patients with acute chest discomfort and low ACS probability.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00470587.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Diagnóstico / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: Clin Chem Assunto da revista: Química Clínica Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suíça