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Hikers poisoned: Veratrum steroidal alkaloid toxicity following ingestion of foraged Veratrum parviflorum.
Clin Toxicol (Phila) ; 56(9): 841-845, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29490507


Steroidal alkaloids are found in plants of the genus Veratrum. Their toxicity manifests as gastrointestinal symptoms followed by a Bezold-Jarisch reflex hypopnea, hypotension, and bradycardia. Some Veratrum steroidal alkaloids are also teratogens interfering with the hedgehog-2 signaling pathway, which causes cyclopsia and holoprosencephaly. We present a case of accidental poisoning from Veratrum parviflorum mistaken for the edible Allium tricoccum (ramps, wild leek). CASE HISTORY A 27-year-old man and his 25-year-old wife presented to the emergency department with nausea, vomiting, hypotension, and bradycardia after foraging and ingesting plants that they believed to be a local native species of wild leek.


We collected and analyzed the implicated fresh plant material and both patients' serum/plasma. We used liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy and high-resolution electrospray ionization time of flight tandem mass spectrometry to extract and characterize steroidal alkaloids from the foraged plant and patients' serum.


Our V. parviflorum samples contained verazine, veratramine, veratridine, and cyclopamine.


Steroidal alkaloids have been previously isolated from Veratrum viride and Veratrum album and toxicity has been reported mainly from V. album species.


V. parviflorum toxicity manifests with gastrointestinal and cardiac symptoms. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive as with previous case reports of toxicity with other Veratrum species.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Intoxicação por Plantas / Veratrum / Alcaloides de Veratrum / Vômito / Gastroenteropatias / Antieméticos Tipo de estudo: Relato de casos Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: América do Norte Idioma: Inglês Revista: Clin Toxicol (Phila) Assunto da revista: Toxicologia Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos