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Identification of ST3AGL4, MFHAS1, CSNK2A2 and CD226 as loci associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and evaluation of SLE genetics in drug repositioning.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(7): 1078-1084, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625966


Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototype autoimmune disease with a strong genetic component in its pathogenesis. Through genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we recently identified 10 novel loci associated with SLE and uncovered a number of suggestive loci requiring further validation. This study aimed to validate those loci in independent cohorts and evaluate the role of SLE genetics in drug repositioning.


We conducted GWAS and replication studies involving 12 280 SLE cases and 18 828 controls, and performed fine-mapping analyses to identify likely causal variants within the newly identified loci. We further scanned drug target databases to evaluate the role of SLE genetics in drug repositioning.


We identified three novel loci that surpassed genome-wide significance, including ST3AGL4 (rs13238909, pmeta=4.40E-08), MFHAS1 (rs2428, pmeta=1.17E-08) and CSNK2A2 (rs2731783, pmeta=1.08E-09). We also confirmed the association of CD226 locus with SLE (rs763361, pmeta=2.45E-08). Fine-mapping and functional analyses indicated that the putative causal variants in CSNK2A2 locus reside in an enhancer and are associated with expression of CSNK2A2 in B-lymphocytes, suggesting a potential mechanism of association. In addition, we demonstrated that SLE risk genes were more likely to be interacting proteins with targets of approved SLE drugs (OR=2.41, p=1.50E-03) which supports the role of genetic studies to repurpose drugs approved for other diseases for the treatment of SLE.


This study identified three novel loci associated with SLE and demonstrated the role of SLE GWAS findings in drug repositioning.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Ann Rheum Dis Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Hong Kong