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In vitro Induction and Generation of Tetraploid Plants of Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep.
Pharmacogn Mag ; 14(54): 149-154, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29720823
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Sophora tonkinensis Gapnep. is an important medical plant in China. Early researches of S. tonkinensis were focused on rapid propagation and quality analysis of in vitro tissue culture plantlet, and still no research focuses on the plant breeding of and there were no excellent varieties for artificial cultivation of S. tonkinensis.

OBJECTIVE:

To set up a method to generate and select the best varieties of S. tonkinensis by polyploid breeding after induction by colchicine treatment.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The adventitious buds were submerged in different concentrations of aqueous colchicine solution for different lengths of time to induce polyploidy in the plants, and the induced buds were identified by root-tip chromosome determination and leaf characteristics comparison. The contents of matrine and oxymatrine of radix ex rhizoma in 13 selected tetraploid lines were collected after 90 days in vitro rooting culture and were evaluated to provide evidence of good qualities of tetraploid S. tonkinensis.

RESULTS:

The results showed that the highest percentage of tetraploid induction was 23.33% and occurred in the 0.2% (w/v) colchicine treatment for 30 h. Fifty lines of tetraploid plants were obtained and 12 of the 13 selected tetraploid lines exhibited higher productivity of total contents of matrine and oxymatrine when compared to controls.

CONCLUSION:

The data demonstrate that polyploidy induction can be beneficial for improving the medicinal value of S. tonkinensis.

SUMMARY:

Colchicine has a good in vitro induction effect on the tetraploid plants of Sophora tonkinensisThe leaf indices and stomatal apparatus of tetraploid plants were slightly larger than diploid plantsThe total content of matrine and oxymatrine of some tetraploid lines for 90-day-old in vitro rooting culture was higher than the diploid.Abbreviations used: MS medium: Murashige and Skoog medium; BAP: 6-benzylaminopurine; NAA: A-naphthaleneacetic acid; IAA: Indole-3-acetic acid; KT: Kinetin; IBA: Indole-3-butyric acid; ABT: Rooting power.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Pharmacogn Mag Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo