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Towards Macroscopic Crystalline 2D Polymers.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(42): 13748-13763, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845730
ABSTRACT
Periodic and nanoporous monolayer polymers, the structures of which can be viewed as molecular fishing nets, have been classified as 2D polymers. They have been previously synthesized under mild photoirradiation conditions in the interior of layered single crystals of well-designed monomers, followed by a liquid-phase exfoliation. While these mild conditions allow for full structure control, the size of 2D polymers obtained cannot exceed that of the crystals from which they are prepared. In this Review, we discuss different concepts currently pursued to prepare macroscopically sized 2D polymers, focusing on syntheses at the air-water and liquid-liquid interfaces. While these interfaces are larger reaction loci than single crystals, sheet-like polymers obtained at them pose complex and time-consuming analytical challenges. Some of these challenges are concretely discussed and indicators are provided for identifying the promising cases, enabling to concentrate on them in the future research. Additionally, this Review discusses three representative examples of 2D polymers to provide a state-of-the-art picture of this emerging field of polymer and materials science. Finally, we sketch the range of applications, such as nanomembranes, electronics, optoelectronics, and electrocatalysts for water splitting, that are relevant for these novel organic 2D materials.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Angew Chem Int Ed Engl Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Alemanha