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A grand memory for forgetting: Directed forgetting across contextual changes.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 188: 39-54, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29857288
ABSTRACT
Using an item-method directed forgetting task, we presented homographic homophonic nouns embedded in sentences. At study, each sentence was followed by an instruction to remember or forget the embedded word. On a subsequent yes-no recognition test, each word was again embedded within a sentence. In Experiments 1, 2, and 4 we varied the embedding sentence at test so that it was identical to that at study, changed but retained the meaning of the studied word, or changed to alter the meaning of the studied word. Repeated context - whether the sentence and/or the word meaning - proved to be as useful a retrieval cue for TBF items as for TBR items. In Experiment 3, we demonstrated that physical repetition was insufficient to produce context effects for either TBR or TBF items. And, in Experiment 4, we determined that participants were equally accurate in reporting context repetition/change following the correct recognition of TBR and TBF items. When considered in light of the existing literature, our results suggest that when context can be dissociated from the study item, it is encoded in "one shot" and not vulnerable to subsequent efforts to limit unwanted encoding.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Rememoração Mental / Memória Limite: Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Jovem adulto Idioma: Inglês Revista: Acta Psychol (Amst) Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo