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Central line bundle maintenance among adults in a university hospital intensive care unit in São Paulo, Brazil: a best practice implementation project.
JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep ; 16(6): 1454-1473, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29894411
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

This implementation project aimed to identify the current practice in regards to central venous catheters (CVCs) maintenance to improve knowledge amongst nursing staff and to assess increased compliance with evidence-based best practice.

INTRODUCTION:

Central venous catheters are considered an important therapeutic resource for the administration of fluids, drugs, blood, collection of blood samples and hemodynamic monitoring. Despite the benefits, catheter use is associated with complications such as primary infection of the catheter-related bloodstream.

METHODS:

This project utilized the audit and feedback model using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System. Nine of 10 criteria were audited through direct observation of nursing professionals or patient records in relation to CVC maintenance, and one criterion involved direct questioning of nursing staff. Baseline and follow-up audits were conducted in a 12-bed adult intensive care unit in a university hospital.

RESULTS:

The baseline audit revealed deficits between current practice and best practice in some criteria. Barriers to implementation of CVC maintenance best practice criteria were identified, and the strategies were implemented. The post-implementation (follow-up) audit showed improvement in compliance to best practice guidelines in all of the audit criteria, except in one criterion: the use of sterile gloves or surgical tweezers during the execution of the dressing.

CONCLUSIONS:

Best practice in CVC care was achieved in the hospital, strengthening and guiding nursing care, as well as highlighting the importance of nursing records throughout the care process. However, this project highlighted the need to improve compliance through follow-up audits and periodic training to support best practice.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto / Cateteres Venosos Centrais / Implementação de Plano de Saúde / Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Tipo de estudo: Guia de prática clínica / Implementation_research Limite: Adulto / Humanos País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês Revista: JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil