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Particle-Phase Photosensitized Radical Production and Aerosol Aging.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(14): 7680-7688, 2018 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29898357
ABSTRACT
Atmospheric aerosol particles may contain light absorbing (brown carbon, BrC), triplet forming organic compounds that can sustain catalytic radical reactions and thus contribute to oxidative aerosol aging. We quantify UVA induced radical production initiated by imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde (IC), benzophenone (BPh). and 4-benzoylbenzoic acid (BBA) in the presence of the nonabsorbing organics citric acid (CA), shikimic acid (SA), and syringol (Syr) at varying mixing ratios. We observed a maximum HO2 release of 1013 molecules min-1 cm-2 at a mole ratio XBPh < 0.02 for BPh in CA. Mixtures of either IC or BBA with CA resulted in 1011-1012 molecules min-1 cm-2 of HO2 at mole ratios ( XIC and XBBA) between 0.01 and 0.15. HO2 release was affected by relative humidity ( RH) and film thickness suggesting coupled photochemical reaction and diffusion processes. Quantum yields of HO2 formed per absorbed photon for IC, BBA and BPh were between 10-7 and 5 × 10-5. The nonphotoactive organics, Syr and SA, increased HO2 production due to the reaction with the triplet excited species ensuing ketyl radical production. Rate coefficients of the triplet of IC with Syr and SA measured by laser flash photolysis experiments were kSyr = (9.4 ± 0.3) × 108 M-1 s-1 and kSA = (2.7 ± 0.5) × 107 M-1 s-1. A simple kinetic model was used to assess total HO2 and organic radical production in the condensed phase and to upscale to ambient aerosol, indicating that BrC induced radical production may amount to an upper limit of 20 and 200 M day-1 of HO2 and organic radical respectively, which is greater or in the same order of magnitude as the internal radical production from other processes, previously estimated to be around 15 M per day.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Compostos Orgânicos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Environ Sci Technol Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suíça