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Investigation of the Anticancer Mechanism of Isoorientin Isolated from Eremurus Spectabilis Leaves via Cell Cycle Pathways in HT-29 Human Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells.
Eurasian J Med ; 50(3): 168-172, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515037


Isoorientin (ISO) is a flavonoid compound extracted from plant species. The goal of this study was to determine the potential antiproliferative effects of ISO in HT-29 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line in vitro, specifically on cell viability, apoptosis, and cell cycle pathways. Materials and


The cytotoxic effect of ISO isolated from E. spectabilis was measured using 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide (XTT) assay in HT-29 cell lines. Total RNA was isolated using Tri-Reagent protocol. The effects of ISO on apoptosis-related gene were detected using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The findings were analyzed using "Delta-Delta CT" ΔΔCT method and evaluated using a computer program. Volcano plot analysis was used for comparing groups and the data obtained were statistically analyzed using Student t test.


According to XTT result analysis, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of ISO was 125 µM at the 48th h in HT-29 cells. The RT-PCR analysis in HT-29 cells showed that Cyclin D1 (CCND1 ), Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6), BAX, BCL-2, Checkpoint kinase 1-2 (CHEK1, CHEK2) and Excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) expressions were reduced in ISO-treated cells compared with those in the control group of cells. P53, P21, Caspase-3 (CASP-3), Caspase-8 (CASP-8), and Caspase-9 (CASP-9) gene expressions were increased Ataxia Telengiectasia and Rad-3 related (ATR) was activated in the ISO-treated group of cells compared with those in the control group of cells (p<0.05).


ISO affected the proliferation of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells via cell cycle pathways. It also altered apoptosis gene expression. These results demonstrated that ISO can be a therapeutic agent for CRC treatment; however, more studies are needed to investigate its mechanism of actions.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Eurasian J Med Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Turquia