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N 6-Hydroxymethyladenine: a hydroxylation derivative of N6-methyladenine in genomic DNA of mammals.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(3): 1268-1277, 2019 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517733
ABSTRACT
In addition to DNA cytosine methylation (5-methyl-2'-deoxycytidine, m5dC), DNA adenine methylation (N6-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine, m6dA) is another DNA modification that has been discovered in eukaryotes. Recent studies demonstrated that the content and distribution of m6dA in genomic DNA of vertebrates and mammals exhibit dynamic regulation, indicating m6dA may function as a potential epigenetic mark in DNA of eukaryotes besides m5dC. Whether m6dA undergoes the further oxidation in a similar way to m5dC remains elusive. Here, we reported the existence of a new DNA modification, N6-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyadenosine (hm6dA), in genomic DNA of mammalian cells and tissues. We found that hm6dA can be formed from the hydroxylation of m6dA by the Fe2+- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent ALKBH1 protein in genomic DNA of mammals. In addition, the content of hm6dA exhibited significant increase in lung carcinoma tissues. The increased expression of ALKBH1 in lung carcinoma tissues may contribute to the increase of hm6dA in DNA. Taken together, our study reported the existence and formation of hm6dA in genomic DNA of mammals.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: DNA / Adenina / Metilação de DNA / Epigênese Genética Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Nucleic Acids Res Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo