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AMPK activators contribute to maintain naïve pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 509(1): 24-31, 2019 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573360
ABSTRACT
Pluripotent stem cells retain the property to self-renew and differentiate into all cell types under defined conditions. Among mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs), which are pluripotent but heterogenous in gene expression and morphology, an ESC population cultured in small molecule inhibitors of two kinases, MAPK/ERK kinase (Mek) and Glycogen synthase kinase 3 (Gsk3), and leukemia inhibitory factor (Lif) (2i/L) is considered to be naïve pluripotent with uniform pluripotent machinery operation. Though the gene regulatory mechanism for the naïve pluripotency has been investigated in recent years, it is still not fully elucidated. Here we show a novel signaling involved in the maintenance of naïve pluripotency. An AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, AICAR (5-Aminoimidazole-4-carboxamied-1-ß-riboside) blocked the differentiation of mouse naïve ESCs in the absence of 2i/L and maintained the naïve state. AICAR with Lif condition induced an almost comparable level of naïve pluripotent gene expression in mouse ESCs. Another AMPK activator, A769662, also showed similar effects. A p38 inhibitor, SB203580, blocked the AMPK activation-elicited naïve state maintenance. On the other hand, p38 activation partially mimicked the maintenance effects of AMPK activators, suggesting that p38 is one of the functional downstream molecules to conduct the AMPK effects. Thus, AMPK pathway should be involved in the molecular circuitry of naïve pluripotency in mouse ESCs. These findings would be a valuable clue to further elucidate the molecular machinery of naïve pluripotency.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Proteínas Quinases / Ribonucleotídeos / Ativadores de Enzimas / Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas / Aminoimidazol Carboxamida Limite: Animais Idioma: Inglês Revista: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Japão