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Improving free-viewing fixation-related EEG potentials with continuous-time regression.
J Neurosci Methods; 313: 77-94, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590085
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

In the analysis of combined ET-EEG data, there are several issues with estimating FRPs by averaging. Neural responses associated with fixations will likely overlap with one another in the EEG recording and neural responses change as a function of eye movement characteristics. Especially in tasks that do not constrain eye movements in any way, these issues can become confounds.

NEW METHOD:

Here, we propose the use of regression based estimates as an alternative to averaging. Multiple regression can disentangle different influences on the EEG and correct for overlap. It thereby accounts for potential confounds in a way that averaging cannot. Specifically, we test the applicability of the rERP framework, as proposed by Smith and Kutas (2015b), (2017), or Sassenhagen (2018) to combined eye tracking and EEG data from a visual search and a scene memorization task.

RESULTS:

Results show that the method successfully estimates eye movement related confounds in real experimental data, so that these potential confounds can be accounted for when estimating experimental effects. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHODS: The rERP method successfully corrects for overlapping neural responses in instances where averaging does not. As a consequence, baselining can be applied without risking distortions. By estimating a known experimental effect, we show that rERPs provide an estimate with less variance and more accuracy than averaged FRPs. The method therefore provides a practically feasible and favorable alternative to averaging.

CONCLUSIONS:

We conclude that regression based ERPs provide novel opportunities for estimating fixation related EEG in free-viewing experiments.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Neurosci Methods Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo