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Ab initio investigation of the formation of ZrO2-like structures upon the adsorption of Zr n on the CeO2(111) surface.
J Chem Phys ; 149(24): 244702, 2018 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30599733
ABSTRACT
The adsorption of Zr on the CeO2 surfaces can lead to the formation of ZrO2-like structures, which can play a crucial role in the catalytic properties of Ce x Zr1-x O2 as support for transition-metal catalysts; however, our atomistic understanding is far from satisfactory, and hence, it affects our capacity to engineer the combination of ZrO2-CeO2 for catalysis applications. Here, we investigate the adsorption of Zr n (n = 1 - 4) atoms on CeO2(111) surfaces through density functional theory with the Hubbard model and bring new insights into the Zr-CeO2 interaction and the formation of ZrO2-like structures on ceria. We found that the Zr atoms oxidize to Zr4+ and strongly interact with the O2- anions, reducing the surface Ce4+ cations to Ce3+ (4 Ce atoms per Zr adatom), which stabilizes the system by more than 10 eV per Zr. As more Zr is adsorbed, the O2- species migrate from the sub-surface to interact with the on-surface Zr adatoms in hcp sites, producing a full ZrO2-like monolayer, which contributes to reduce the strain induced by the increased size of the Ce3+ cations compared with Ce4+. The simulated partial and full ZrO2-like structure thicknesses agree with the experimental measurements. In addition, we found an unprecedented trend for the on-surface Zr atoms our calculations show that they are less stable than Zr replacing Ce3+ atoms from the first cation layer. Therefore, under sufficiently high temperatures, one expects the formation of a Ce2O3-like/c-ZrO2/CeO2 structure, which may completely change the reactivity of the surface.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Chem Phys Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil