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CRISPR/Cas9-Based Genome Editing in the Filamentous Fungus Fusarium fujikuroi and Its Application in Strain Engineering for Gibberellic Acid Production.
ACS Synth Biol ; 8(2): 445-454, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616338
ABSTRACT
The filamentous fungus Fusarium fujikuroi is well-known for its production of natural plant growth hormones a series of gibberellic acids (GAs). Some GAs, including GA1, GA3, GA4, and GA7, are biologically active and have been widely applied in agriculture. However, the low efficiency of traditional genetic tools limits the further research toward making this fungus more efficient and able to produce tailor-made GAs. Here, we established an efficient CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing tool for F. fujikuroi. First, we compared three different nuclear localization signals (NLS) and selected an efficient NLS from histone H2B (HTBNLS) to enable the import of the Cas9 protein into the fungal nucleus. Then, different sgRNA expression strategies, both in vitro and different promoter-based in vivo strategies, were explored. The promoters of the U6 small nuclear RNA and 5S rRNA, which were identified in F. fujikuroi, had the highest editing efficiency. The 5S rRNA-promoter-driven genome editing efficiency reached up to 79.2%. What's more, multigene editing was also explored and showed good results. Finally, we used the developed genome editing tool to engineer the metabolic pathways responsible for the accumulation of a series GAs in the filamentous fungus F. fujikuroi, and successfully changed its GA product profile, from GA3 to tailor-made GA4 and GA7 mixtures. Since these mixtures are more efficient for agricultural use, especially for fruit growth, the developed strains will greatly improve industrial GA production.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Sistemas CRISPR-Cas / Fungos / Fusarium / Giberelinas Idioma: Inglês Revista: ACS Synth Biol Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo