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Advanced Approaches of Bioactive Peptide Molecules and Protein Drug Delivery Systems.
Curr Pharm Des ; 24(43): 5147-5163, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30727874
ABSTRACT
Despite the fact that protein and peptide therapeutics are widely employed in the treatment of various diseases, their delivery is posing an unembellished challenge to the scientists. It was discovered that delivery of these therapeutic systems through oral route is easy with high patient compliance. However, proteolytic degradation and absorption through the mucosal epithelium are the barriers in this route. These issues can be minimized by the use of enzyme inhibitors, absorption enhancers, different carrier systems or either by direct modification. In the process of investigation, it was found that transdermal route is not posing any challenges of enzymatic degradation, but, still absorption is the limitation as the outer layer of skin acts as a barrier. To suppress the effect of the barrier and increase the rate of the absorption, various advanced technologies were developed, namely, microneedle technology, iontophoresis, electroporation, sonophoresis and biochemical enhancement. Indeed, even these molecules are targeted to the cells with the use of cell-penetrating peptides. In this review, delivery of the peptide and protein therapeutics using oral, transdermal and other routes is discussed in detail.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Peptídeos / Preparações Farmacêuticas / Proteínas / Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Curr Pharm Des Assunto da revista: Farmácia Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Índia