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Direct Current Cardioversion of Atrial Arrhythmias in Adults With Cardiac Amyloidosis.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 73(5): 589-597, 2019 02 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732713
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Arrhythmias, conduction abnormalities, and intracardiac thrombus are common in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA). Outcomes of direct-current cardioversion (DCCV) for atrial arrhythmias in patients with CA are unknown.

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to examine DCCV procedural outcomes in patients with CA.

METHODS:

Patients with CA scheduled for DCCV for atrial arrhythmias from January 2000 through December 2012 were identified and matched 2:1 with control patients by age, sex, type of atrial arrhythmia, and date of DCCV.

RESULTS:

CA patients (n = 58, mean age 69 ± 9 years, 81% male) were included. CA patients had a significantly higher cardioversion cancellation rate (28% vs. 7%; p < 0.001) compared with control patients, mainly due to intracardiac thrombus identified on transesophageal echocardiogram (13 of 16 [81%] vs. 2 of 8 [25%]; p = 0.02); 4 of 13 of the CA patients (31%) with intracardiac thrombus on transesophageal echocardiogram received adequate anticoagulation ≥3 weeks and another 2 of 13 (15%) had arrhythmia duration <48 h. DCCV success rate (90% vs. 94%; p = 0.4) was not different. Procedural complications were more frequent in CA versus control patients (6 of 42 [14%] vs. 2 of 106 [2%]; p = 0.007); complications in CA included ventricular arrhythmias in 2 and severe bradyarrhythmias requiring pacemaker implantation in 2. The only complication in the control group was self-limited bradyarrhythmias.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with CA undergoing DCCV had a significantly high cancellation rate mainly due to a high incidence of intracardiac thrombus even among patients who received adequate anticoagulation. Although the success rate of restoring sinus rhythm was high, tachyarrhythmias and bradyarrhythmias complicating DCCV were significantly more frequent in CA patients compared with control patients.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Fibrilação Atrial / Trombose / Cardioversão Elétrica / Cardiopatias / Amiloidose Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Idoso / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade País/Região como assunto: América do Norte Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Am Coll Cardiol Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo