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Air quality modeling and inhalation health risk assessment for a new generation coal-fired power plant in Central Italy.
Piersanti, Antonio; Adani, Mario; Briganti, Gino; Cappelletti, Andrea; Ciancarella, Luisella; Cremona, Giuseppe; D'Isidoro, Massimo; Lombardi, Carmine; Pacchierotti, Francesca; Russo, Felicita; Spanò, Marcello; Uccelli, Raffaella; Vitali, Lina.
Afiliação
  • Piersanti A; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: antonio.piersanti@enea.it.
  • Adani M; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Briganti G; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Cappelletti A; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Ciancarella L; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Cremona G; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • D'Isidoro M; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Lombardi C; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Biosafety and Risk Assessment, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Santa Maria di Galeria, Rome, Italy.
  • Pacchierotti F; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Biosafety and Risk Assessment, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Santa Maria di Galeria, Rome, Italy.
  • Russo F; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
  • Spanò M; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Biosafety and Risk Assessment, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Santa Maria di Galeria, Rome, Italy.
  • Uccelli R; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Biosafety and Risk Assessment, Via Anguillarese 301, 00123 Santa Maria di Galeria, Rome, Italy.
  • Vitali L; ENEA, National Agency for New technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Laboratory of Atmospheric Pollution, via Martiri di Monte Sole 4, 40129 Bologna, Italy.
Sci Total Environ ; 644: 884-898, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30743886
ABSTRACT
An assessment of potential carcinogenic and toxic health outcomes related to atmospheric emissions from the new-generation coal fired power plant of Torrevaldaliga Nord, in Central Italy, has been conducted. A chemical-transport model was applied on the reference year 2010 in the area of the plant, in order to calculate airborne concentrations of a set of 17 emitted pollutants of health concern. Inhalation cancer risks and hazard quotients, for each pollutant and for each target organ impacted via the inhalation pathway, were calculated and mapped on the study domain for the overall ambient concentrations and for the sole contribution of the plant to airborne concentrations, allowing to assess the relative contribution of the power plant to the risk from all sources. Cancer risks, cumulated on all pollutants, resulted around 5 × 10-5 for the concentrations from all sources and below 3 × 10-7 for the plant contribution, mainly targeting the respiratory system. On each part of the study domain, the plant contributed for less than 6% to the overall cancer risk. Hazard quotients from all sources, cumulated on all pollutants, reached values of 2.5 for the respiratory and 1.5 for the cardiovascular systems. Hazard quotients of non-carcinogenic risks from the plant, cumulated on all pollutants, resulted below 0.03 for the respiratory system and 0.02 for the cardiovascular system. On each part of the study domain, the plant contributed for less than 5% to the respiratory and cardiovascular risks. Both cancer risks and hazard quotients related to the plant are far below international thresholds for human health protection, while the values from all sources require consideration. The proposed method provides an instrument for prospective health risk assessment of large industrial sources, with some limitations presented and discussed.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Contexto: OBJETIVO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO SUSTENTÁVEL 3 - ODS3 Tema em saúde: Meta 3.9: Reduzir o número de mortes por produtos químicos perigosos e contaminação do ar e água do solo Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Centrais Elétricas / Monitoramento Ambiental / Exposição por Inalação / Poluição do Ar Limite: Humanos País/Região como assunto: Europa Idioma: Inglês Revista: Sci Total Environ Ano de publicação: 2018 Tipo de documento: Artigo