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Fu's subcutaneous needling and constraint-induced movement therapy for a patient with chronic stroke: One-year follow-up case report.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(8): e13918, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813122
RATIONALE Spasticity is a common issue in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of Fu's subcutaneous needling in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function in a patient with chronic stroke and arm paresis. PATIENT CONCERNS The patient suffered an infarction in the right posterior limb of the internal capsule 1 year ago, which resulted in hemiparesis in his left (nondominant) hand and arm. The only limitation for constraint-induced movement therapy was insufficient finger extension. The patient was unable to voluntarily extend his interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints beyond the 10 degrees required for constraint-induced movement therapy. However, his muscle tension did not change after the BTX type A injection. DIAGNOSES A 35-year-old male experienced arm paresis after an infarction in the right posterior limb of the internal capsule 1 year before the intervention.


The BTX type A injection did not work, so the patient received Fu's subcutaneous needling as an alternative therapy before 5 h of constraint-induced movement therapy for 12 weekdays.


All outcome measures (Modified Ashworth Scale, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Action Research Arm Test, and Motor Activity Log) substantially improved over the 1-year period. Moreover, during the observation period, the patient's muscle tone and arm function did not worsen. LESSONS As a result of a reduction in spasticity, a reduction of learned nonuse behaviors, or use-dependent plasticity after the combined therapy, the arm functions include volitional movements, and coordination or speed of movements in the paretic arm have been improved. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of an influence of the passage of time or the Hawthorne effect. The costs of the treatment of stroke may be reduced, if this combined therapy proved useful in future controlled studies.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Paresia / Terapia por Acupuntura / Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento / Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral / Espasticidade Muscular Tipo de estudo: Relato de casos Aspecto clínico: Prognóstico Limite: Adulto / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Medicine (Baltimore) Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China