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Predictors of chronic pain intensity, spread, and sensitivity in the general population: A two-year follow-up study from the SWEPAIN cohort.
J Rehabil Med ; 51(3): 183-192, 2019 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815707
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the intensity, spread and sensitivity of chronic pain can be predicted using demographic features, socioeconomic conditions and comorbidities.

DESIGN:

A longitudinal study design was employed. Data was collected at baseline and at 2-year follow-up.

SETTING:

General population in south-eastern Sweden.

SUBJECTS:

A representative stratified random sample of 34,000 individuals, between 18 and 85 years of age, selected from a sampling frame of 404,661 individuals based on the Swedish Total Population Register.

METHODS:

Eligible individuals were sent postal surveys in 2013 and 2015. The 2 surveys included the same questions about basic demographic data, comorbidities, and chronic pain intensity, spread and sensitivity.

RESULTS:

Several socio-demographic features and comorbidities at baseline were significant predictors of characteristics of pain (intensity, spread and sensitivity) at the 2-year follow-up. When characteristics of pain at baseline were included in the regression analyses they were relatively strong significant predictors of characteristics of pain after 2 years. After this adjustment there were fewer socio-demogra-phic and comorbidity predictors; the effect estimates for those significant predictors had decreased.

CONCLUSION:

Clinical assessment should focus on several characteristics of pain and include a broad medical screening to capture the overall burden of pain in adults from a longitudinal perspective.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Dor Crônica Tipo de estudo: Estudo de coorte Aspecto clínico: Diagnóstico / Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Idoso / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade / Jovem adulto Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Rehabil Med Assunto da revista: Reabilitação Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suécia