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CYP2C19-Guided Escitalopram and Sertraline Dosing in Pediatric Patients: A Pharmacokinetic Modeling Study.
J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol ; 29(5): 340-347, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817183


Cytochrome P4502C19 (CYP2C19) is a highly polymorphic gene that encodes an enzyme that metabolizes escitalopram and sertraline, two selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that are FDA approved for pediatric use and commonly used to treat anxiety and depressive disorders in youth. Using pharmacokinetic (PK) models in adolescents, we sought to (1) model SSRI dosing across CYP2C19 phenotypes to compare SSRI exposure (area under curve, AUC) and maximum concentration (Cmax), (2) evaluate the impact of b.i.d. dosing (in rapid metabolizers [RM] and ultrarapid metabolizers [UM]) on SSRI exposure and Cmax, and (3) determine pharmacogenomically-informed dosing strategies to provide similar exposure across CYP2C19 phenotypes in adolescents.


Using PK parameters in CYP2C19 phenotype groups and previously reported pediatric PK data for escitalopram and sertraline, we modeled exposure (AUC0-24) and Cmax and determined CYP2C19-guided dosing strategies.


Compared with normal CYP2C19 metabolizers treated with either escitalopram or sertraline, Cmax and AUC0-24 were higher in slower metabolizers and lower in patients with increased CYP2C19 activity, although the magnitude of these differences was more pronounced for escitalopram than for sertraline. For escitalopram, poor metabolizers (PMs) require 10 mg/day and UMs require 30 mg/day to achieve an exposure that is equivalent to 20 mg/day in a normal metabolizer (NM). For sertraline, to achieve AUC0-24 and Cmax similar to NMs receiving 150 mg/day, PMs require 100 mg/day, whereas a dose of 200 mg/day was required in rapid and UMs. For UMs, b.i.d. escitalopram dosing was necessary to achieve comparable trough levels and exposure to NMs.


This simulation study raises the possibility that achieving similar escitalopram and sertraline plasma concentrations could require dose adjustments in CYP2C19 poor metabolizers and UMs, although the magnitude of these differences were more pronounced for escitalopram than for sertraline. However, prospective trials of pharmacogenomically guided dosing in the pediatric population are needed to extend the findings of these modeling studies.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol Assunto da revista: Pediatria / Psicofarmacologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo