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Tunable Optical Sensing with PVC-Membrane-Based Ion-Selective Bipolar Electrodes.
ACS Sens ; 4(4): 1008-1016, 2019 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30859814
ABSTRACT
We show here that the response of ion-selective membrane electrodes (ISEs) based on traditional PVC membranes can be directly translated to a colorimetric readout by a closed bipolar electrode (BPE) arrangement. Because the resulting optical response is based on the turnover of the redox probe, ferroin, dissolved in a thin layer compartment, it directly indicates the potential change at the ISE in combination with a reference electrode. This class of probes measures ion activity, analogous to their ISE counterparts. Unlike other ion optodes, the response is also fully tunable over a wide concentration range by the application of an external potential and occurs in a compartment that is physically separate from the sample. To allow for the electrical charge to pass across the ion-selective electrodes, the membranes are doped with inert lipophilic electrolyte, ETH 500, but otherwise have an established composition. The observed response behavior correlates well with theory. A wide range of ion-selective membranes are confirmed to work with this readout principle, demonstrating the detection of potassium, sodium, calcium, and carbonate ions. The corresponding sigmodal calibration curve is used for quantitative analysis in a range of samples including commercial beverages and river and lake samples. The data are successfully correlated with atomic emission spectroscopy and direct potentiometry.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Cloreto de Polivinila / Eletrodos Íon-Seletivos / Colorimetria / Técnicas Eletroquímicas Idioma: Inglês Revista: ACS Sens Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suíça