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Thermal Excitation Control over Photon Emission Rate of CdSe Nanocrystals.
Nano Lett ; 19(4): 2322-2328, 2019 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901222
ABSTRACT
Temperature-dependent photoluminescence lifetimes of electron-hole pairs (excitons) in CdSe nanocrystals are governed by the energetic ordering and spacing of slowly emitting, spin-forbidden "dark" exciton states and rapidly emitting "bright" states. Here, infrared pulses that are resonant with hydrocarbon surface ligand vibrational transitions are shown to offer a route to manipulate the instantaneous emission rate of CdSe nanocrystals at cryogenic temperature. Transient heating of the inorganic nanocrystal core is achieved via resonant excitation of ligand vibrations, followed by heat flow to the nanocrystal lattice. Heating of the nanocrystal core is demonstrated using transient absorption spectroscopy, which shows a time-dependent red-shift of the quantum dot electronic absorption resonances, consistent with heating. Transient heating of the nanocrystal above the bath temperature increases the instantaneous radiative rate of the nanocrystals via a combination of thermal occupation of bright states as well as phonon-assisted emission. The lifetime of this infrared-pumped, fast-emitting sample condition is dictated by particle thermalization, which is multiple orders of magnitude shorter lived than the dark exciton state. This work demonstrates the feasibility of using heat control pulses to manipulate electronic recombination rates of excitons.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Nano Lett Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos