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Photodynamic therapy as salvage therapy for residual microscopic cancer after ultra-low anterior resection: A case report.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(6): 798-804, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968047


The rate of positive resection margins (R1) in patients with low rectal cancer is substantial. Recommended remedies such as extended resection or chemoradiotherapy have their own serious drawbacks. It has been reported that photodynamic therapy (PDT) as a remedial treatment for esophageal cancer. Colorectal cancer and esophageal cancer has many similarities, however, PDT as a salvage therapy for rectal cancer is rare.


Here, we describe a 56-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital due to a 6-mo history of hemafecia, which had been aggravated for 1 mo. Colonoscopy revealed a 3 cm × 4 cm ulcerated mass in the rectum 4 cm from the anus. Preoperative pathological examination showed villous adenoma, moderate-to-high-grade dysplasia, good differentiation, and invasion of the mucosal muscle. The patient had R1 after ultra-low anterior resection, but he refused extended resection and experienced severe liver function impairment after 3 cycles of chemotherapy. Ultimately, the patient underwent PDT to remove R1. After five years of follow-up, there was no liver function impairment, recurrence, metastasis, sexual dysfunction, or abnormal defecation function.


This is the first case worldwide in which R1 of rectal cancer were successfully treated by PDT.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Relato de casos Idioma: Inglês Revista: World J Clin Cases Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China