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Folate of pregnant women after a nationwide folic acid supplementation in China.
Matern Child Nutr ; : e12828, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970178
ABSTRACT
Folate insufficiency during the periconceptional period increases the risk of neural tube defects (NTDs) in offspring, and folic acid supplementation substantially reduces the risk. Widespread large-scale folic acid supplementation (0.4-mg folic acid tablet) has been adopted as a main strategy to prevent NTDs in China since 2009. We examined folate concentrations in plasma and red blood cells (RBCs) of pregnant women and the factors associated with blood folate concentrations in a population with a high prevalence of NTDs in northern China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014, and 1,107 pregnant women were recruited from 11 county or city maternal and child health centres across Shanxi province. Microbiological assays were used to determine folate concentrations. Factors associated with blood folate insufficiency were identified. The median (25th and 75th percentiles) folate concentrations were 28.4 (17.6, 45.2) nmol L-1 and 1,001.2 (658.7, 1,402.5) nmol L-1 in plasma and RBCs, respectively. According to the proposed RBC (906 nmol L-1 ) concentrations for optimal NTD prevention, 42.4% participants had RBC folate insufficiency. Rural women had a higher proportion of folate insufficiency than urban women. Folic acid supplementation was the only factor associated with RBC folate insufficiency. A large proportion of women had RBC folate concentrations that are not optimal for the prevention of NTDs despite free access to folic acid supplements. Actions that aim to improve folic acid supplementation compliance are needed to reach the full potential of the nationwide folic acid supplementation programme in terms of NTD prevention.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Matern Child Nutr Assunto da revista: Ciências da Nutrição / Perinatologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo