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Periostin in chronic liver diseases: Current research and future perspectives.
Life Sci ; 226: 91-97, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978348
ABSTRACT
The liver is importantly metabolic and detoxifying organ in the body. When various pathogenic factors affect the liver, the normal physiological and biochemical functions are weakened, resulting in liver diseases. Liver fibrosis is a common pathological process of chronic liver disease. During hepatic fibrosis the changes in the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) provide an environment that facilitates tissue remodeling. Among these ECM components, periostin, a glycoprotein that is predominantly secreted by osteoblasts and their precursors, playing an important role in bone formation, has attracted great attention. Periostin not only involves in bone metabolism, but also functions in modulating the cell fate determination, proliferation, inflammatory responses, even tumorigenesis of many other tissues and organs including liver. In different categories of liver disease patients, the serum and liver tissue levels of periostin were closely related to the decline of liver function, and the pathological stage. Numerous animal studies and experiments in vitro subsequently demonstrated that the abnormal expression of periostin resulted in metabolic disorders, liver inflammation, fibrosis and even tumorigenesis. Here we review the current progress on the role of periostin in pathologic pathways of liver system to explore whether periostin is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of different liver diseases.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Moléculas de Adesão Celular / Hepatopatias Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Life Sci Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China