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Cardiovascular disease risk factors, tract-based structural connectomics, and cognition in older adults.
Neuroimage ; 196: 152-160, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980900
ABSTRACT
Cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs) are associated with decreased gray and white matter integrity and cognitive impairment in older adults. Less is known regarding the interplay between CVD-RFs, brain structural connectome integrity, and cognition. We examined whether CVD-RFs were associated with measures of tract-based structural connectivity in 94 non-demented/non-depressed older adults and if alterations in connectivity mediated associations between CVD-RFs and cognition. Participants (age = 68.2 years; 52.1% female; 46.8% Black) underwent CVD-RF assessment, MRI, and cognitive evaluation. Framingham 10-year stroke risk (FSRP-10) quantified CVD-RFs. Graph theory analysis integrated T1-derived gray matter regions of interest (ROIs; 23 a-priori ROIs associated with CVD-RFs and dementia), and diffusion MRI-derived white matter tractography into connectivity matrices analyzed for local efficiency and nodal strength. A principal component analysis resulted in three rotated factor scores reflecting executive function (EF; FAS, Trail Making Test (TMT) B-A, Letter-Number Sequencing, Matrix Reasoning); attention/information processing (AIP; TMT-A, TMT-Motor, Digit Symbol); and memory (CVLT-II Trials 1-5 Total, Delayed Free Recall, Recognition Discriminability). Linear regressions between FSRP-10 and connectome ROIs adjusting for word reading, intracranial volume, and white matter hyperintensities revealed negative associations with nodal strength in eight ROIs (p-values<.05) and negative associations with efficiency in two ROIs, and a positive association in one ROI (p-values<.05). There was mediation of bilateral hippocampal strength on FSRP-10 and AIP, and left rostral middle frontal gyrus strength on FSRP-10 and AIP and EF. Stroke risk plays differential roles in connectivity and cognition, suggesting the importance of multi-modal neuroimaging biomarkers in understanding age-related CVD-RF burden and brain-behavior.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Encéfalo / Doenças Cardiovasculares / Cognição / Substância Cinzenta / Substância Branca Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Idoso / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Inglês Revista: Neuroimage Assunto da revista: Diagnóstico por Imagem Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos