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The Current Status of Lithoplasty in Vascular Calcifications: A Systematic Review.
Surg Innov ; 26(5): 588-598, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074330
ABSTRACT
Background. Lithoplasty is a method of alleviating vessel stenosis by using localized high-speed pressure waves to disrupt calcium deposits. A systematic review of the literature was performed to summarize the early outcomes of lithoplasty in peripheral and coronary artery disease.

METHODS:

We searched EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from database inception to July 2018 for original studies describing the use of lithoplasty. Study selection and data extraction were performed in duplicate, with a third author resolving discrepancies.

RESULTS:

A total of 9 records were included from the 201 studies eligible for screening. In total, 211 patients with vascular calcification lesions underwent lithoplasty. The patients on average had an age of 73.2 years and had a maximum follow-up period of 5.5 months. Most lesions (72%, 152/212) were in peripheral artery beds, with the remainder occurring in coronary vessels. Lesioned vessels typically had severe calcium burden 62.6% (131/210), with an average initial stenosis of 76.6% (range, 68.1%-77.8%). After treatment, the average residual stenosis was 21.0% (range, 13.3%-26.2%), with a mean acute gain of vessel diameter of 2.5 mm. A limited number of type D dissections occurred, with a total of 2.4% (5/211) of patients requiring stent implantation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Recent studies suggest that lithoplasty is a promising intervention to decrease vessel stenosis in both peripheral artery disease and coronary artery disease, with minimal occurrence of major adverse events. Further research studies, with more rigorous study designs, are needed to determine the effectiveness of lithoplasty in vascular calcifications.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Litotripsia / Doenças Vasculares Periféricas / Estenose Coronária / Calcificação Vascular Tipo de estudo: Revisão sistemática Aspecto clínico: Prognóstico Limite: Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Surg Innov Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Canadá