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AlkB Homologue 1 Demethylates N3-Methylcytidine in mRNA of Mammals.
ACS Chem Biol ; 14(7): 1418-1425, 2019 07 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188562
ABSTRACT
RNA contains diverse modifications that exert important influences in a variety of cellular processes. So far more than 150 modifications have been identified in various RNA species, mainly in rRNA and tRNA. Recent research advances in RNA modifications have been sparked by the discovery of dynamic and reversible modifications in mRNA. Moving beyond the abundant tRNA and rRNA to mRNA is opening new directions in understanding RNA modification-mediated regulation of gene expression. Recently, it was reported that N3-methylcytidine (m3C) existed in mRNA of mammalian cells, and methyltransferase-like 8 (METTL8) was identified to be the writer enzyme of m3C. However, little is known about the eraser enzyme of m3C in mRNA. In the current study, we found that the AlkB homologue 1 (ALKBH1) was capable of demethylating m3C in mRNA of mammalian cells in vitro. Overexpression and knockdown of ALKBH1 in cultured human cells can induce decrease and increase of the level of m3C in mRNA, respectively, revealing the eraser enzyme property of ALKBH1 on m3C in mRNA. In addition, we observed significant decrease of the level of m3C in mRNA in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared to tumor-adjacent normal tissues, which could be attributed to the increased expression of ALKBH1 as well as the decreased expression of METTL8 in HCC tissues. These results indicated that m3C in mRNA may play certain roles in tumorigenesis. Our study shed light on understanding the demethylation of m3C in mRNA.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: RNA Mensageiro / Citidina / Homólogo AlkB 1 da Histona H2a Dioxigenase Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: ACS Chem Biol Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo