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Vonoprazan versus proton pump inhibitors for the management of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection-induced artificial ulcer: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e15860, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192917
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Vonoprazan, a novel potassium-competitive acid blocking agent, has been used in the management of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)-induced artificial ulcers. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis for the comparison of the effects of vonoprazan and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in treating ESD-induced artificial ulcers and preventing delayed bleeding in randomized controlled trial and cohort studies.

METHODS:

We searched OVID-MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Google Scholar, and clinical trial registries in April 2018 to identify all studies that assess and compare the effects of vonoprazan and PPI in treating ESD-induced artificial ulcers and preventing delayed bleeding. Primary outcome of ulcer healing rate and secondary outcomes of shrinkage rate, ulcer size, and delayed bleeding were studied.

RESULTS:

A total of 1265 patients from 12 studies were included in the final analysis. Healing rate at 4 weeks post-ESD was significantly higher in the vonoprazan group than in the PPI group (relative ratio [RR] 1.20 [1.03-1.40]). However, healing rate at 8 weeks post-ESD was significantly higher in the PPI group than in the vonoprazan group (RR 0.68 [0.48-0.97]).There was no evidence of significant difference between groups in shrinkage rate at 4 weeks post-ESD, shrinkage rate at 8 weeks post-ESD, delayed bleeding, ulcer size at 0 weeks post-ESD, and ulcer size at 8 weeks post-ESD.

CONCLUSIONS:

There was no substantial difference in ulcer healing and post-ESD bleeding between vonoprazan and PPIs. However, vonoprazan more rapidly and effectively treated artificial ulcers after ESD than did PPIs.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Pirróis / Sulfonamidas / Úlcera / Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica / Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons / Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa Tipo de estudo: Revisão sistemática Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Terapia Limite: Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Medicine (Baltimore) Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo