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Photothermal transforming agent and chemotherapeutic co-loaded electrospun nanofibers for tumor treatment.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 3893-3909, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31239663
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Photothermal and chemotherapy treatment has been frequently studied for cancer therapy; however, chemotherapy is equally toxic to both normal and cancer cells. The clinical application value of most kinds of photothermal transforming agents remains limited, due to their poor degradation and minimal accumulation in tumors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We reported the synthesis of photothermal transforming agents (MoS2) and chemotherapeutic (doxorubicin, DOX) co-loaded electrospun nanofibers using blend electrospinning for the treatment of postoperative tumor recurrence.

RESULTS:

Under the irradiation of an 808 nm laser, the as-prepared chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol/MoS2/DOX nanofibers showed an admirable photothermal conversion capability with a photothermal conversion efficiency of 23.2%. These composite nanofibers are in vitro and in vivo biocompatible. In addition, they could control the sustained release of DOX and the generated heat can sensitize the chemotherapeutic efficacy of DOX via enhancing its release rate. Their chemo-/photothermal combined therapy efficiency was systematically studied in vitro and in vivo. Instead of circulating with the body fluid, MoS2 was trapped by the nanofibrous matrix in the tumor and so its tumor-killing ability was not compromised, thus rendering this composite nanofiber a promising alternative for future clinical translation within biomedical application fields.

CONCLUSION:

Chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol/MoS2/DOX nanofibers showed an excellent photothermal conversion capability with a photothermal conversion efficiency of 23.2% and can completely inhibit the postoperative tumor reoccurrence.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Fototerapia / Doxorrubicina / Nanotecnologia / Dissulfetos / Nanofibras / Molibdênio / Neoplasias Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Animais / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Int J Nanomedicine Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo