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Sitosterinämie (Phytosterinämie). / [Sitosterolemia (phytosterolemia)].
Internist (Berl) ; 60(8): 871-877, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254003
Sitosterolemia or phytosterolemia is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary lipid storage disorder. It is caused by homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in one of the two ABCG5 and ABCG8 genes encoding the intestinal and hepatic heterodimer ABCG5 (sterolin 1)/ABCG8 (sterolin 2) efflux transporters. These mutations lead to intestinal hyperabsorption and reduced hepatic secretion of cholesterol and plant sterols with subsequent accumulation of phytosterols and cholesterol in plasma and deposition in tissue (xanthoma). Phytosterols are found mainly in vegetable oils, margarine, nuts, grains, soybeans and avocados. Patients with sitosterolemia show extreme phenotypic heterogeneity from almost asymptomatic individuals to those with combined severe hypercholesterolemia at a young age, leading to increased atherosclerosis and premature cardiac death. Early abnormalities include hemolytic anemia with stomatocytosis, macrothrombocytopenia and splenomegaly. In addition to strict avoidance of phytosterol-containing foods, the use of the sterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe, possibly in combination with the bile acid-binding resin cholestyramine, is the most effective treatment option.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Fitosteróis / Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP / Hipercolesterolemia / Enteropatias / Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico / Mutação Limite: Humanos Idioma: Alemão Revista: Internist (Berl) Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo