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Faecal microbial dysbiosis in children with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome.
Scand J Immunol ; 91(1): e12805, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267543
ABSTRACT
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked primary immunodeficiency disease caused by a mutation in the WAS gene that encodes the WAS protein (WASp); up to 5-10% of these patients develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The mechanisms by which WASp deficiency causes IBD are unclear. Intestinal microbial dysbiosis and imbalances in host immune responses play important roles in the pathogenesis of polygenetic IBD; however, few studies have conducted detailed examination of the microbial alterations and their relationship with IBD in WAS. Here, we collected faecal samples from 19 children (all less than 2 years old) with WAS and samples from WASp-KO mice with IBD and subjected them to 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing. We found that microbial community richness and structure in WAS children were different from those in controls; WAS children revealed reduced microbial community richness and diversity. Relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Verrucomicrobiain in WAS children was significantly lower, while that of Proteobacteria was markedly higher. WASp-KO mice revealed a significantly decreased abundance of Firmicutes. Faecal microbial dysbiosis caused by WASp deficiency is similar to that observed for polygenetic IBD, suggesting that WASp may play crucial function in microbial homoeostasis and that microbial dysbiosis may contribute to IBD in WAS. These microbial alterations may be useful targets for monitoring and therapeutically managing intestinal inflammation in WAS.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich / Fezes / Disbiose / Microbioma Gastrointestinal Tipo de estudo: Estudo de casos e controles Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Animais / Criança, pré-escolar / Feminino / Humanos / Lactente / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Scand J Immunol Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China