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Activation of hepatic iNKT2 cells by α-GalCer ameliorates hepatic steatosis induced by high-fat diet in C57BL/6J mice.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 74: 105727, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284229
ABSTRACT
The existence of association between the subpopulation of iNKT cells with different functions and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has not been confirmed. To investigative the role of iNKT cells in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, we established a non-alcoholic fatty liver model by feeding C57BL/6J mice for 12 weeks with a high-fat diet and injecting α-GalCer through different routes to activate hepatic iNKT cells. The liver of the mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) had severe hepatic steatosis appearance, elevated pro-inflammatory cytokines and reduced anti-inflammatory cytokines in the liver, and high serum levels of TC, LDL, HDL, and ALT. Our results showed that the percentage of iNKT cells in the liver of the HFD-fed mice was lower than that of the control mice. The expression levels of the related transcription factor of T-bet increased but that of GATA-3 decreased in the HFD-fed mice. The administration of α-GalCer by intraperitoneal injection resulted in increasing of hepatic iNKT and iNKT2 cells but decreasing of hepatic iNKT1 cells, and the expression of GATA-3 and anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-4) was increased in the liver, and hepatic steatosis was ameliorated in the HFD-fed mice. The administration of α-GalCer by subcutaneous injection resulted in a decrease in hepatic iNKT and iNKT2 and an augmentation of hepatic iNKT1 cells. However, hepatic steatosis was not significantly improved. We concluded that the intraperitoneal injection with α-GalCer effectively improved hepatic steatosis, according to increasing the number of hepatic iNKT2 cells. The precise mechanism requires further exploration.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Int Immunopharmacol Assunto da revista: Alergia e Imunologia / Farmacologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo