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Diagnostic accuracy of procalcitonin for overall and complicated acute appendicitis in children: a meta-analysis.
Ital J Pediatr; 45(1): 78, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288826
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Diagnostic value of procalcitonin (PCT) for acute appendicitis (AA) has been evaluated in adult patients, but the application in children remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of PCT for overall and complicated AA in children.

METHODS:

The PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang were searched along with reference lists of relevant articles up to January 2018 without language restrictions. Original articles that reported the performance of PCT in the diagnosis of pediatric AA and associated complications were selected. To assess the diagnostic value of PCT, sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic odds ratios (DORs), summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, area under the curve (AUC), and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated.

RESULTS:

Seven qualifying studies (504 confirmed AA and 368 controls) from 6 countries for overall AA and 4 studies (187 complicated AA and 185 uncomplicated AA) for complicated AA from 3 countries were identified. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of PCT for the diagnosis of pediatric AA were 0.62 (95% CI: 0.57-0.66) and 0.86 (95% CI: 0.82-0.89), respectively. The DOR was 21.4 (95% CI: 3.64-126.1) and the AUC was 0.955. PCT was more accurate in diagnosing complicated appendicitis, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.84-0.93), specificity of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.86-0.94), and DOR of 76.73 (95% CI: 21.6-272.9).

CONCLUSION:

This meta-analysis showed that PCT may have potential value in diagnosing pediatric AA. Moreover, PCT had greater diagnostic value in identifying pediatric complicated appendicitis.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Revisão sistemática Aspecto clínico: Diagnóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: Ital J Pediatr Assunto da revista: Pediatria Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China