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Phage-guided modulation of the gut microbiota of mouse models of colorectal cancer augments their responses to chemotherapy.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 3(9): 717-728, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332342
ABSTRACT
The microbiota in the human gut is strongly correlated with the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) and with therapeutic responses to CRC. Here, by leveraging the higher concentration of the pro-tumoural Fusobacterium nucleatum and the absence of antineoplastic butyrate-producing bacteria in the faecal microbiota of patients with CRC, we show that-in mice with orthotopic colorectal tumours or with spontaneously formed colorectal tumours-oral or intravenous administration of irinotecan-loaded dextran nanoparticles covalently linked to azide-modified phages that inhibit the growth of F. nucleatum significantly augments the efficiency of first-line chemotherapy treatments of CRC. We also show that oral administration of the phage-guided irinotecan-loaded nanoparticles in piglets led to negligible changes in haemocyte counts, immunoglobulin and histamine levels, and liver and renal functions. Phage-guided nanotechnology for the modulation of the gut microbiota might inspire new approaches for the treatment of CRC.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Nat Biomed Eng Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China