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Comprehensive Analysis of the Energy Harvesting Performance of a Fe-Ga Based Cantilever Harvester in Free Excitation and Base Excitation Mode.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(15)2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382645
ABSTRACT
Vibration energy harvesting attempts to generate electricity through recycling the discarded vibration energy that is usually lost or dissipated, and represents an alternative to traditional batteries and may even lead to reliable self-powered autonomous electronic devices. Energy harvesting based on magnetostrictive materials, which takes advantage of the coupling characteristics of the Villari effect and the Faraday electromagnetic induction effect, is a recent research field of great interest. Aiming to develop a new type of magnetostrictive energy harvester using Fe-Ga alloy, which is suitable for harvesting the vibration energy from base excitations and free excitations, a Fe-Ga based cantilever harvester was proposed. The energy harvesting performance of the harvester prototype, including its resonance characteristics, open-circuit output voltage-frequency response and amplitude characteristic under base excitation, influence of external resistance, energy harvesting performance under free excitation, the function of pre-magnetization and so on was studied systematically and carefully by experiments. In terms of the volume power density, the harvester prototype without pre-magnetized magnet when in series with the optimal resistor load displays a value of 2.653 mW/cm3. The average conversion efficiency without a pre-magnetic field is about 17.7% when it is in series with a 200 resistance. The energy harvesting and converting capability can therefore be improved greatly once the Fe-Ga beam is highly pre-magnetized. The prototype successfully lit up multi-LEDs and digital display tubes, which validates the sustainable power generation capacity of the fabricated prototype.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China