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Electrochemical immunosensor based on MoS2 NFs/Au@AgPt YNCs as signal amplification label for sensitive detection of CEA.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 142: 111580, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422222
ABSTRACT
Medically, the dynamic change of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) concentration has been an important indicator for monitoring and diagnosing tumors. The sensitive and early detection of CEA plays a momentous role in the prevention and diagnosis of cancer and the evaluation of treatment efficiency. In this work, a sensitive sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated for the quantitative detection of CEA. The trimetallic yolk-shell Au@AgPt nanocubes (Au@AgPt YNCs) loaded on amino-functionalized MoS2 nanoflowers (MoS2 NFs/Au@AgPt YNCs) were used as the labels to conjugate with secondary antibodies. The Au@AgPt YNCs with internal space and permeable shell improved catalytic active surface area. The nanosheet-based MoS2 NFs with good catalytic activity were used as carriers to load Au@AgPt YNCs effectively. Due to the biphasic synergistic catalysis, MoS2 NFs/Au@AgPt YNCs catalyzed the reduction of H2O2 effectually to amplify the current signal. Besides, Au triangular nanoprisms (Au TNPs) were used as substrate material to increase the effective contact areas with the surface of electrode and accelerate the interface electron transfer. Under the optimal conditions, a broad linear range from 10 fg mL-1 to 100 ng mL-1 with low detection limit of 3.09 fg mL-1 (S/N = 3) for detecting CEA was obtained. Moreover, the detection results of the human serum samples were satisfactory, indicating the fabricated immunosensor had potential application values in the early clinical analysis.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Técnicas Biossensoriais / Antígeno Carcinoembrionário / Dissulfetos / Nanopartículas Metálicas / Molibdênio Tipo de estudo: Screening_studies Limite: Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Biosens Bioelectron Assunto da revista: Biotecnologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo