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DCR2, a Cellular Senescent Molecule, Is a Novel Marker for Assessing Tubulointerstitial Fibrosis in Patients with Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 44(5): 1063-1074, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487717
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Stress-induced cell senescence, which contributes to cell cycle arrest and is independent of age, plays an important role in chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. DcR2, as a senescent marker, exclusively expressed in senescent tubular epithelia. The objective of this study was to examine whether urinary DcR2 (uDcR2) could be a potential biomarker for tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN).

METHODS:

This study included 210 IgAN patients and 80 healthy volunteers, with uDcR2 levels measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We examined the relationship among uDcR2/Cr levels, renal function, and pathological parameters, using regression analysis to identify risk factors for TIF and the area under the curve (AUC) approach to predict TIF. Renal DcR2 expression was quantified by immunohistochemistry. Co-expression of DcR2 with fibrotic markers (α-smooth muscle actin [α-SMA], collagen III) was analyzed by confocal microscopy.

RESULTS:

Levels of uDcR2/Cr were significantly higher in IgAN patients and in those with more severe TIF, compared with healthy controls. Serum DcR2 levels were similar across groups. The proportion of IgAN patients with stages 1-2 CKD and T0 was highest among those with uDcR2/Cr <130 ng/g. In contrast, the majority of those with uDcR2/Cr >201 ng/g had stages 4-5 CKD and T2. Levels of uDcR2/Cr were positively associated with urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (ACR), urinary N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase (uNAG)/Cr, and TIF scores and negatively associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). uDcR2/Cr, uNAG, ACR, and eGFR were independent predictors for TIF, with AUC of 0.907 for uDcR2/Cr. This AUC value was higher than that observed for eGFR, uNAG/Cr, or ACR. The sensitivity and specificity of uDcR2/Cr in predicting TIF were 87.0 and 80.5%, respectively. Moreover, uDcR2/Cr levels were positively associated with the percentage of renal DcR2 expression. Renal DcR2 co-localized with α-SMA and collagen III in the kidneys of IgAN patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Levels of uDcR2/Cr were closely associated with the severity of TIF and renal function parameters. uDcR2/Cr represents a potential biomarker for predicting TIF in IgAN patients.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: Kidney Blood Press Res Assunto da revista: Nefrologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China