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Artificial Natural Killer Cells for Specific Tumor Inhibition and Renegade Macrophage Re-Education.
Adv Mater ; 31(43): e1904495, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497903
ABSTRACT
Natural killer (NK) cells can not only recognize and eliminate abnormal cells but also recruit and re-educate immune cells to protect the host. However, the functions of NK cells are often limited in the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Here, artificial NK cells (designated as aNK) with minor limitations of TME for specific tumor killing and renegade macrophage re-education are created. The red blood cell membrane (RBCM) cloaks perfluorohexane (PFC) and glucose oxidase (GOX) to construct the aNK. The aNK can directly kill tumor cells by exhausting glucose and generating hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ). The generated H2 O2 is also similar to cytokines and chemokines for recruiting immune cells and re-educating survived macrophages to attack tumor cells. In addition, the oxygen-carried PFC can strengthen the catalytic reaction of GOX and normalize the hypoxic TME. In vitro and in vivo experiments display that aNK with slight TME limitations exhibit efficient tumor inhibition and immune activation. The aNK will provide a new sight to treat tumor as the supplement of aggressive NK cells.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Células Matadoras Naturais / Biomimética / Macrófagos Limite: Animais Idioma: Inglês Revista: Adv Mater Assunto da revista: Biofísica / Química Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo