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Enzymatic synthesis of 1-o-galloylglycerol: Characterization and determination of its antioxidant properties.
Food Chem ; 305: 125479, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505418
ABSTRACT
1-o-Galloylglycerol (GG) was synthesized by the enzymatic glycerolysis of propyl gallate (PG) using a food-grade lipase (Lipozyme® 435). The reaction conditions affecting the yield of GG were optimized and a yield of 76.9% ±â€¯1.2% was obtained. GG was characterized by various techniques after being separated from the reaction mixture using liquid-liquid extraction. The water solubility and hydrophilicity of GG were significantly higher than those of gallic acid (GA) and PG. The antioxidant properties, measured by the ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) scavenging assays, showed that GG exhibited the highest scavenging capacity (GG > GA > PG). From the results of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH•) and 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS•+) assays, GG and GA exhibited greater scavenging capacity than PG (GG = GA > PG). These results suggest that GG may be used as a water-soluble antioxidant alternative to GA for food and cosmetic applications.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Food Chem Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo